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Jewish Holiday Resources

Havdalah | Passover  |  Yom Hashoah  |  Yom Hazikaron & Yom Ha'atzmaut   |  Shavuot  | Elul  |  Rosh Hashanah  |  Yom Kippur  |  Sukkot  |  Shemini Atzeret & Simchat Torah


Our rabbis teach that on Shabbat, we are given an extra soul. At Havdalah we relinquish that extra soul but hope that the sweetness and holiness of the day will remain with us during the week. 

This beautiful weekly ceremony that marks the end of Shabbat and the beginning of the new week includes four blessings. If you'd like the Hebrew (or transliteration) PJTC uses during the ritual, you can download a copy HERE

If you are observing the holiday at home, you can purchase or make your own ritual objects. The items you will need are:

  1. A cup filled with grape juice (or wine if there are adults present). 
  2. A spice box. You can make one in a mint tinin a spice bag, or stud an orange with cloves! (Really all you need is something that smells nice.)
  3. A havdalah candle. This would either be multi-wick candle or you can hold any two candles together.


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2020 Passover Services will be held via livestream in the following virtual locations: StreamSpot, PJTC Facebook Page, and the PJTC YouTube Channel.

Thursday, April 9 - 9:30 AM

Friday, April 10 - 9:30 AM

Wednesday, April 15 - 9:30 AM

Thursday, April 16 - 9:30 AM

During Passover, we ask "Why is tonight different?"


Because in the past, we were slaves. Tonight, thanks to our covenant with the Holy One, the Source of all our blessings, and our connection to each other, we are free.


That’s the answer: We are free.


We are free to exercise good judgment that is already saving the lives of the people we care about the most.


We are free to draw on the tradition of the Jewish people, of course, but this year we are also blessed by unprecedented Jewish creativity, creativity that has blossomed in the past few weeks to not just make the best of this unprecedented moment, but to make it holy.


We are free to add new traditions - even as we’re prompted to add new things to our Seder plate - that will mark this year in our families memories as “that time we got through together, and triumphed.”


On this Passover, please enjoy these resources:

Counting the Omer and Making It Count: A spiritual practice to inform and enrich our lives.

From the Torah we learn to count 49 days starting on the second night of Pesach all the way to Shavuot. It is written: “You shall count from the eve of the second day of Pesach, when an omer of grain is to be brought as an offering, seven complete weeks. The day after the seventh week of your counting will make fifty days, and you shall present a new meal offering to God”. (Leviticus 23:15-16)

Since most of us do not work the land as our ancestors did, why do we still count? Our rabbis suggest that counting can help us not only in a ritualistic way, allowing us to engage daily with the world of mitzvot, but perhaps it can also provide us an opportunity to dive into a more personal and spiritual journey. 

CLICK HERE to view information on how to count the omer and find links to more resources.

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A day honoring both those who lost their lives in the Holocaust, those who survived, and those who resisted. 

We are tested to live in a time that reminds us of the fragility and preciousness of life, yet we are blessed with a tradition that calls and inspires us with this charge: "Kol Yisrael arevim zeh bazeh" - We are all responsible for one another. This teaching shares a page of the Talmud (Shevuot 39a) and an intention with another teaching: That the Torah was given not only to those who stood at the foot of Mt. Sinai to hear the Holy One speak the Ten Commandments; it was given to all who would be a part of our family in the future, whether born into our family, or inspired to join it. 

We are responsible not only for the lives and safety of those in our homes today. We are also responsible for remembering those who came before us. And, we are responsible for the safeguarding of future generations. In this spirit, and in this moment, we will not forget the sacrifices of our ancestors. We will not neglect the honor of those survivors we are blessed to have among us today. We will never again allow indifference to life permit the spread of death within our gates. Instead, we will remember. We will mourn. We will learn. We will grow, as ever, stronger together.

Yom Hashoah Ritual Mitvah 

It is customary to light a memorial candle on the eve of Yom HaShoah, as one does for the eve of a Yahrtzeit or Yizkor. Ideally, this should be a candle that burns all night and through the day, like the usual Jewish memorial / yartzeit candles you might find at the supermarket.

Your candle should be lit shortly before sundown Monday evening. Place it in a safe location, such as in a sink or on a stovetop away from flammable materials, so that it may be allowed to burn completely over the course of the day and extinguish itself.

Jewish law does not insist on a particular prayer to be said. You may take a moment of silence, or speak whatever is in your heart on the occasion. Please see the resources below for poems or prayers you might like to share in your home.

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YOM HAzikaron & Yom Ha'atzmaut

We are called to join in solidarity with our Israeli community in the State of Israel during two important and holy days: Yom Hazikaron and Yom Ha'atzmaut.


Yom Hazikaron honors both those who have fallen in military service to the State of Israel as well as those who have fallen as victims of terrorism within the State of Israel, from before the birth of the modern state to this very day.


Yom HaAtzmaut celebrates the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel in 1948.


It's possible to think of these days as the Israeli equivalent of our Memorial Day and Independence Day, respectively, with one important difference: They are always observed together. These days are observed every year on the 4th and 5th days of the Hebrew month of Iyar (this year starting Monday night 4/27) except if either of those days would overlap Shabbat; then both days are moved earlier or later, so that public commemorations and celebrations can go on without the limitations of traditional Shabbat observance.


First, it's remarkable that the State of Israel, which typically uses the Gregorian or "secular" calendar for most official business, decided to anchor the celebration to the same Jewish calendar that we use for all of our Jewish holidays. Marking these days is not just a show of patriotism at home and solidarity abroad; it is that, and much more: a holy act, a mitzvah, for Jewish people worldwide, whatever calendar they follow in their workaday lives.


Second, it's important to note that when they are moved, both days are moved. They are never split up. The spirit of holding these days together is that celebrating independence, the realization of a Jewish dream of millennia, is inseparable from honoring those who made the ultimate sacrifice to help that dream come true, and to continue to bring that dream to fruition.


Imagine what it would be like in the United States if we held our Memorial Day, always observed in late May, on July 3rdinstead. Would our honoring of the fallen be deepened by concluding it with joyous celebration of what they fought for? Would our sense of independence a nation be elevated if we were presently reminded that it was not secured merely by the signing of one document on one day, but something constantly renewed and sustained by virtue of ongoing sacrifice?


As we approach this holy time, both for the people of the State of Israel and for us, the Children of Israel as a whole, we encourage you to take advantage of the resources listed below, so that in spirit we can experience the full range of Jewish emotion - mourning and celebration, honor and joy - together.


An article about Yom Hazikaron by My Jewish Learning


An article about Yom Ha'Atzmaut by My Jewish Learning


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Shavuot is one of the Shalosh Regalim - our major festivals of pilgrimage and gathering - along with Pesach and Sukkot. While Shavuot and the others were established by the Torah, its meaning and observance have evolved throughout our history.

In the Torah Hag HaShavuot (The Festival of Weeks - Exodus 34:22, because it’s seven weeks - a week of weeks - after Pesach) is also called Hag HaKatzir (The Festival of Reaping - Exodus 23:16) and Yom HaBikkurim (Day of the First Fruits - Numbers 28:26). In Biblical times this holiday was clearly a celebration of God’s gifts to us on the occasion of the grain harvest, starting with barley, continuing over seven weeks, and culminating at the end of the wheat harvest. This parallels the autumn produce harvest of Sukkot.

Then, by the era of the Talmud, there had been a shift in the focus of the meaning of Shavuot. Most rabbis agreed (a feat to celebrate in itself) that the Torah was revealed to the Jewish people, beginning with the Ten Commandments, on the 6th of Sivan...which happened to also be Shavuot. It’s important to note that by this time, the Jewish people were largely living in exile, separated from the Promised Land, the harvest of which was the explicit reason for celebrating this holiday. In the meantime, the community rituals had also increasingly shifted from making offerings from our agricultural bounty at the Temple to service and study of Torah.

Our people are sustained by our fidelity to our origin, our roots, our traditions. We still say prayers today that were first said thousands of years ago, by people with very different lives, very different hopes, prayers, needs, fears, and aspirations. And we are also sustained by a belief that although the Torah was originally given to us on Mt. Sinai, its wisdom continues to reveal itself to us every time someone delves into it in order to guide them through their real lives today. 

When we needed to celebrate our harvest, Shavuot gave us the platform to do that. When we needed to celebrate the study of Torah that has sustained us, even when wheat from the Promised Land did not. Shavuot gave us the tikkun leyl Shavuot, a custom of sharing wisdom from the Torah as a community, reflected through the lens of our own community’s scholars and teachers.

LOOKING TO TALK TORAH FOR SHAVUOT? Check out these "TED Talks" PJTC Style, featuring educational and spiritual leaders in our community. After watching, we encourage you to share your thoughts and questions in the YouTube comments, as well as open a dialogue with friends and family to deepen the discussion.

CLICK HERE TO GO TO A YOUTUBE PLAYLIST that features the following talks.

Jill Gold Wright: The Book of Psalms and How it Reflects Human Experience (click to see bio)

Rabbi Shana Chandler Leon: The Book of Leviticus (click to see bio)

Susan Auerbach: Mental Health Awareness to Support Our Families & Communities (click to see bio)

Rabbi Jason Mann: The Book of Ruth: A Journey to Redemption (click to see bio)

Ida UngerA Personal Journey Through the Kabbalistic Tree of Life (click to see bio)

Rabbi Carrier: Shavuot and Kosher Wine (click to see bio)

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The month prior to Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year, is Elul. It is used as a time to mentally, emotionally and spiritually prepare for the transition to a new year. Jewish leaders encourage the month of Elul to be a time of introspection and personal stock-taking (known in Hebrew as cheshbon hanefesh…an accounting of the soul), as well as a time for repentance (known in Hebrew as teshuvah...returning). The customs of Elul are meant as preparation for Rosh Hashanah, when Jewish tradition teaches us that divine judgement and forgiveness is given.

What are these customs?

The blowing of the shofar: It is tradition to blow the shofar every weekday after morning services to rouse us from complacency and jolt us into repentance.

Psalm 27: It is customary to recite daily Psalm 27, which assures us of God’s protection and also pleas that he not forsake his people.

S’lichot: The prayers of forgiveness called S’lichot, including also the 13 Attributes of Mercy, are recited during Elul. Some communities begin the recitation at the beginning of Elul, though Ashkenazi Jews generally begin the practice on the Saturday prior to Rosh Hashanah. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF S'LICHOT, RESOURCES & PROGRAMMING.

Elul’s Weekly Torah Readings: The Torah readings during the month of Elul provide timely cues for people to awaken to reflection and observe their lives…

  • Parashat Re’eh – Reminds us to see clearly the possibilities presented in each moment and to choose the path of blessing.
  • Parashat Shoftim – Invites us to consider the unfinished business that tears at our hearts.
  • Parashat Ki Teitzei – Demands that rather than impulsively ceding to our desires, we watch them for deeper truths to be revealed.

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Let's take stock and rejoice!

Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish new year, taking place at the beginning of the month of Tishrei - the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar year. It is a two-day celebration of the new year, which follows a month of spiritual and emotional preparation during the month of Elul. This celebration is meant to both rejoice in the completion of another year and to look inward and take stock of that year that has passed. Rosh Hashanah also precedes the Ten Days of Repentance, also known as the Days of Awe, which concludes in the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur. A major part of the Jewish High Holy Day traditions, Rosh Hashanah has its own customs we practice.

To learn more about the customs and significance of Rosh Hashanah, as well as find some helpful online resources, click here.

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May you be inscribed for a good year in the Book of Life! 

Yom Kippur is the Jewish religion's Day of Atonement (reparation for a wrong or injury). Jews traditionally ask for forgiveness for their wrongdoings over the past year, believing that on this day, God places a seal on the Book of Life, in which he has inscribed our names for the year to come. This one day of observation falls ten days after Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year), beginning at sundown and ending at sundown the following day.

To learn more about the customs and significance of Yom Kippur, as well as find some helpful online resources and details about our upcoming programming and services, click here.

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Sukkot, named after the huts that Jewish people are supposed to dwell within during this week-long celebration, begins five days after Yom Kippur. These sukkot (the huts) represent the temporary structures the Israelites constructed and lived in during their 40 years of desert wandering following their escape from slavery in Egypt. Also referred to as hag ha-asif (the harvest festival), much of the ritual of Sukkot is centered around thanking God for the completed harvest before the coming of the winter rains.


Sukkot is a joyful holiday, focused on rejoicing about the bounties provided to us by the land and God’s will. The simplicity of spending as much time as possible in nature and within the very basic, temporary shelter of a sukkah is meant to remind us of what is actually important in life, taking focus away from material possessions and modern world complications.


  • Attending services is customary during Sukkot. Readings from Leviticus, focused on divinely ordained festivals, and Sukkot specifically, are heard during these services. This includes Hallel (Psalms of Praise) and Hoshana (prayers asking God to save us), ending with the Hoshanah Rabba (the Great Hoshanah) on the seventh and last day of Sukkot’s festival. During the Hoshana prayers, congregants will march around the synagogue holding the lulav and etrog.
  • Building of a sukkah, at home or in a communal location, as soon as possible after the conclusion of Yom Kippur. The sukkah is a flimsy structure with at least three sides, with a roof made out of thatch or branches (commonly, palm fronds). It is meant to provide shade, but also allow the stars to be seen at night. If you are unable to build your own sukkah or visit a community sukkah, get creative at home…a fort in the living room, a blanket and decorations over the dining room table, an embellished umbrella on a balcony – these are all ways to create a temporary shelter and take part in this celebration.
  • Decorating the sukkah with a harvest theme, often with garland and dried fruits, is a festive practice of Sukkot.
  • Once your sukkah is built and ready, we welcome ushpizin (guests) from the Bible symbolically partake in the meals with us. Feel free to invite your own ancestors and favorite historical figures as well – the more the merrier on this joyful holiday.
  • Spending as much time as possible in the sukkah each day of the week-long holiday – sitting, eating meals, and even sleeping under its shelter overnight – is a mitzvah (commandment) expected during Sukkot.
  • Shaking the lulav and etrog is a ritual gesture done in commemoration of the bounty of the Holy Land. Etrog is citron, and the lulav consists of palm, myrtle and willow.
  • Inviting friends and family into your sukkah for meals or company as you sit helps to enrich the meaning of the holiday and sharing in the prosperity of the harvest.
  • Outside of this, and Sukkot services, during Hol HaMoed (the interim days of Sukkot), it is expected that normal life ensues.

For a dictionary of Hebrew words and terms you may need to know during Sukkot, click here.

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After the seven joyous days of Sukkot, we celebrate Shemini Atzeret (The Eighth day of Assembly), marking the end of Sukkot. During Shemini Atzeret, we gather again in the sukkah to celebrate God and our bounty, but without ritual and prayer…like the last guests at the party who have so much reason to rejoice that they stick around for one more hoorah. During Shemini Atzeret, we also pray for the rejuvenating rains of the next season.

Shemini Atzeret transitions us into Simchat Torah (Rejoicing in Torah), when – just as we mark the transition from harvest season to our rainy season of winter – we mark the end of the yearly cycle of public readings from the Torah and commemorate the beginning of a new cycle of Torah readings.


Continuing the season with joy, Shemini Atzeret celebrates the bounty of our ending harvest season and the promise of the rains of winter to come. Simchat Torah is a celebration of the Jewish love of Torah and study - the day when Jews come together as a community to be in direct contact with the Torah, a source of our Jewish identity and a precious gift from God. Coming on the heels of Sukkot, we are simultaneously celebrating the transitions and gifts of nature and our transition from one annual cycle of Torah readings to the beginning of the next.


  • Beginning on Shemini Atzeret and lasting through Passover (Pesach in Hebrew), a prayer for rain is added to the Amidah Prayer.
  • The Yizkor (memorial service) is customarily included in services on Shemini Atzeret.
  • To demonstrate their joy for the Torah, congregants will dance and sing, taking seven hakafot (circuits) around the synagogue with the Torah during Simchat Torah services.
  • Continuing the annual cycle of Torah readings unbroken, Simchat Torah ends with the final portion of the Book of Deuteronomy and the beginning of the Book of Genesis.
  • It is custom for congregants to receive an aliyah (the honor of being called upon to make one set of the blessings said before and after each section of the Torah reading), or aliyot in plural, as individuals or in groups.

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Tue, October 20 2020 2 Cheshvan 5781